Today, arthroscopy technique is widely used to perform various kinds of orthopedic surgeries. This minimally invasive technique helps the health professionals to diagnose and treat a range of conditions affecting the body joints.
This minor surgical intervention these days is simply by worldwide orthopedic surgeons carry out different kinds of knee surgeries, including ACL repair/reconstruction and repair damaged meniscus and Patella.
Arthroscopy is a Greek word, on which 'arthro' means 'joint' and 'scopy' means 'to look', the actual term literally means 'looking in towards the joint.' Arthroscopy can be a keyhole surgery that orthopedic surgeons use to visualize and diagnose the joint pain. It is often used to diagnose such problems as swelling or stiffness, in the knees, ankles, wrists, elbows and shoulders. Approach can also be familiar with repair a regarding damages to the joint. For example, arthroscopy can:
During the arthroscopic surgery of the torn ACL, an orthopedic surgeon makes several of small incisions (about the size on a buttonhole) rather than large incision the actual affected joint, just after which pumps sterile saline (purified salt water) solution into the knee through one incision to expand it for viewing and to rinse away any cloudy fluid from spot.
The surgeon then inserts a pencil-sized instrument that features a tiny camera and fiber optics to magnify and lighten the inside structures of the leg. Pictures obtained with the camera are then projected onto a screen in runs at frequencies ranging suite.
Images taken from the miniature television camera that is connected to the arthroscope are shown on a video screen in the operating room so that the surgeon is capable of seeing inside the leg.
Through other small incisions small surgical drills are inserted to repair/reconstruct the torn ligament or replace the damaged ligament with a graft.
Grafts can be obtained from the patient's own knee (autograft) or off of a deceased donor (allograft). There are several kinds of tissue that can supply to reconstruct the ACL, but the commonest of them is among harvested from the central third among the kneecap with two small bone pieces called 'bone blocks' on both ends of the tendon graft.
The surgeon pulls graft through the two tunnels that he drills in the tibia (bone below the knee) and femur (bone above the knee), and places it in the same position as accustomed to today . ligament. The surgeon will secure the graft with bioabsorbable or metallic screws or staples before closing the incisions with stitches or tape.
Arthroscopic ACL repair or reconstruction surgery allows for less scarring, faster healing process, a quicker return to work or school, or to resume normal lifestyle within a day or two.